Estimativas de sequestro de carbono por diferentes métodos em ecossistemas florestais: uma abordagem sobre a floresta tropical sazonalmente seca (Caatinga)

Joélia Natália Bezerra da Silva, Josiclêda Domiciano Galvíncio, Jéssica Laís Bezerra da Silva, Gabriel Antônio Silva Soares, Igor Maciel Tiburcio, Juliana Patrícia Fernandes Guedes Barros

Resumo


DOIA floresta tropical sazonalmente seca é um tipo de ecossistema que combina características de florestas tropicais e áreas sazonalmente secas, as terras áridas compreendem mais de 40% da superfície terrestre, abrangendo diversos biomas e são encontradas em várias partes do mundo, incluindo América do Sul, África, Ásia e Austrália. Essas áreas desempenham um papel crucial na regulação do ciclo do carbono na preservação da biodiversidade, adaptando-se às condições sazonais específicas de cada local. As estimativas dos fluxos carbono em florestas sazonalmente secas possibilitam uma compreensão mais aprofundada dos padrões de fluxo de superfície em áreas com diversas fisionomias vegetais. Existem diversos estudos sobre florestas tropicais sazonalmente secas, abordando diferentes metodologias, elas se alternam entre três principais métodos:  O primeiro método envolve amostragens diretas, segundo método emprega o uso de equações alométricas, por fim, o terceiro método utiliza técnicas de sensoriamento remoto. Diante dos métodos predominantes, este artigo busca conduzir uma revisão bibliográfica sobre a determinação do balanço de carbono no bioma Caatinga por meio do sensoriamento remoto. O objetivo é analisar artigos publicados nos últimos vinte e três anos que possam facilitar a avaliação remota das trocas de CO2 em diversas áreas de florestas sazonalmente secas.

 


Palavras-chave


Manejo florestal

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Direitos autorais 2024 Joélia Natália Bezerra da Silva

Revista Brasileira de Meio Ambiente (Rev. Bras. Meio Ambiente) | ISSN: 2595-4431

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